Chronic pancreatitis, in which the enzymatic function of the pancreas is impaired, is a chronic, progressive slow disease characterized by abdominal pain, digestive and digestive disorders.
Causes of the disease:
Also other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - gastric ulcer, gastritis, gastroduodenitis, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis.
Constant violation of the diet and the use of heavy food for the stomach leads to a violation of enzyme secretion by the pancreas. Inflammation occurs in the glandular tissue, followed by hardening of the ducts. Over time, the body cannot produce enough enzymes to digest food. All this affects the quality of digestion - undigested fibers are formed in the feces, swelling in the intestines by fermentation processes, the absorption of necessary substances and vitamins is impaired.
Symptoms of chronic pancreatitis:
In addition, pancreatitis can have such manifestations - general weakness, hiccups, swelling, dry skin, signs of vitamin deficiency.
In pancreatic pancreatitis, the main task of the diet is to develop a frugal diet and choose such a diet that will reduce the load on the pancreas. Foods that increase stomach acidity and stimulate pancreatic enzyme secretion are excluded from the diet, so every patient should know what to eat in chronic pancreatitis.
During the exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis, complete fasting is prescribed for 2-3 days until the symptoms subside. You can't eat for this period, not even diet food. If there are signs of thirst, the patient is allowed to drink. Treatment is completed with bed rest and complete rest. Cold in the abdomen.
A few days after the symptoms of chronic pancreatitis worsen, the food is applied according to a specially prepared diet. In medical practice, this is Table 5.
The food should be a little warm. Avoid hot and cold food.
What should not be consumed in the diet for pancreatitis:
Any sweets, pastries and sweet tea that should not be eaten with pancreatitis are because the high sugar content in the intestines causes fermentation and bloating.In addition, with the exacerbation of pancreatitis, additional drug treatment is prescribed, which may include the following groups of drugs: proton pump inhibitors (reduce gastric secretion), enzymatic drugs, adsorbents, antispasmodics, analgesics.
The menu includes the following foods that provide the body with the necessary nutrients, but also do not have an irritating effect on the pancreas. The food should be steamed or boiled and should not contain raw vegetables or fruits.
Soups should be in water or low-fat meat (fish) broth. It is best slimy or rubbed. Under no circumstances should soups be fried. The porridge should be cooked in water or milk diluted in half the water.
Meat and fish should be included in the menu. But not oily species. The most dietary fish is cod with 1, 4% fat. Such fish are quickly digested from the gastrointestinal tract and are easily digested. It does not strongly stimulate the enzymatic function of the pancreas, so it is considered optimal for pancreatitis.
For meat, rabbit, turkey, beef or chicken breast are preferred. Steamed meat products, cooked or boiled with vegetables. You can cook meatballs or half vegetable cutlets.
The menu includes the following foods:
The last meal should be 2-3 hours before bedtime. Biscuits and compotes or jelly are preferred for snacks before bedtime.
Sample menu for a day with chronic pancreatitis. In case of pancreatic disease, inedible products are turned off and a diet as mild as possible for the body is chosen.
When asked if ice cream can be used for pancreatitis - the answer can be - they limit the use of fatty and very sweet ice cream. You can only add ice cream to your diet, at most ½ packets and without any additives (chocolate, nuts, condensed milk).
Every patient should know the rules of eating and what not to eat with pancreatitis.
Review the recommendations:
In addition, timely treatment of any disease of the gastrointestinal tract is necessary to prevent complications and reduce the number of exacerbations of the disease.