Diet for pancreatitis: what not to eat and what you can do

The pancreas is an organ involved in the endocrine (insulin) and exocrine (enzymes) secretions of the gastrointestinal tract. Violation of the diet and quality causes irreversible damage to the functions of the pancreas, which is significantly reflected in the quality of work. Therefore, you need to know what to eat with pancreatitis to avoid inflammation of the body.

What is pancreatitis and how dangerous it is

Chronic pancreatitis, in which the enzymatic function of the pancreas is impaired, is a chronic, progressive slow disease characterized by abdominal pain, digestive and digestive disorders.

Causes of the disease:

  • Eating Disorders;
  • Eating fatty foods next to foods not eaten with pancreatitis;
  • Alcohol abuse;
  • Eat lots of sugar and flour products.

Also other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - gastric ulcer, gastritis, gastroduodenitis, cholecystitis, cholelithiasis.

Constant violation of the diet and the use of heavy food for the stomach leads to a violation of enzyme secretion by the pancreas. Inflammation occurs in the glandular tissue, followed by hardening of the ducts. Over time, the body cannot produce enough enzymes to digest food. All this affects the quality of digestion - undigested fibers are formed in the feces, swelling in the intestines by fermentation processes, the absorption of necessary substances and vitamins is impaired.

Signs of exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis

Symptoms of chronic pancreatitis:

  • In the abdomen;
  • Nausea and vomiting;
  • Weight loss;
  • Disorders of stool in the form of diarrhea or constipation.

In addition, pancreatitis can have such manifestations - general weakness, hiccups, swelling, dry skin, signs of vitamin deficiency.

Diet for pancreatic pancreatitis during exacerbation

nutrition guidelines for pancreatitis

In pancreatic pancreatitis, the main task of the diet is to develop a frugal diet and choose such a diet that will reduce the load on the pancreas. Foods that increase stomach acidity and stimulate pancreatic enzyme secretion are excluded from the diet, so every patient should know what to eat in chronic pancreatitis.

During the exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis, complete fasting is prescribed for 2-3 days until the symptoms subside. You can't eat for this period, not even diet food. If there are signs of thirst, the patient is allowed to drink. Treatment is completed with bed rest and complete rest. Cold in the abdomen.

A few days after the symptoms of chronic pancreatitis worsen, the food is applied according to a specially prepared diet. In medical practice, this is Table 5.

The food should be a little warm. Avoid hot and cold food.

Product Cancellation

What should not be consumed in the diet for pancreatitis:

  • Eating fatty meats - pork, chicken skin - is strictly contraindicated;
  • Strong broths (fish and meat) are excluded from the diet because they have a sokogonny (enzymatic) effect and cause pain in the stomach;
  • Legumes and cabbage are not allowed - they are not only rich in coarse fiber, but will also cause increased gas formation;
  • Any carbonated beverage;
  • Smoked, fried or grilled food;
  • Coffee, strong tea, chocolate and cocoa products should be minimized;
  • Turn off all alcohol and fresh bread;
  • Ice cream should be limited for pancreatitis;
  • Exclude any spices - onion, garlic, pepper;
  • Hard boiled eggs;
  • Mushrooms in any form;
  • Oily species of fish are excluded - saury, mackerel, snakehead, sabrefish, ivasi, Caspian sprat, silver carp, nototenia, sturgeon.

Any sweets, pastries and sweet tea that should not be eaten with pancreatitis are because the high sugar content in the intestines causes fermentation and bloating.

In addition, with the exacerbation of pancreatitis, additional drug treatment is prescribed, which may include the following groups of drugs: proton pump inhibitors (reduce gastric secretion), enzymatic drugs, adsorbents, antispasmodics, analgesics.

Menu for exacerbation of pancreatitis

Dietary Development

The menu includes the following foods that provide the body with the necessary nutrients, but also do not have an irritating effect on the pancreas. The food should be steamed or boiled and should not contain raw vegetables or fruits.

foods that are allowed and forbidden for pancreatitis

Soups should be in water or low-fat meat (fish) broth. It is best slimy or rubbed. Under no circumstances should soups be fried. The porridge should be cooked in water or milk diluted in half the water.

Meat and fish should be included in the menu. But not oily species. The most dietary fish is cod with 1, 4% fat. Such fish are quickly digested from the gastrointestinal tract and are easily digested. It does not strongly stimulate the enzymatic function of the pancreas, so it is considered optimal for pancreatitis.

For meat, rabbit, turkey, beef or chicken breast are preferred. Steamed meat products, cooked or boiled with vegetables. You can cook meatballs or half vegetable cutlets.

The menu includes the following foods:

  • steamed, boiled or cooked vegetables;
  • "yesterday's" bread;
  • baked fruits (apples);
  • low-fat lactic acid foods;
  • drinks - compote, jelly, weak tea;
  • lean meats - chicken breast, turkey, beef and beef veal, rabbit;
  • low-fat sea fish - pollock, blue whiting, hake, flounder, roach, cod;
  • Lean tea fish - meadow, perch, mace, rye, carp, maple.

The last meal should be 2-3 hours before bedtime. Biscuits and compotes or jelly are preferred for snacks before bedtime.

Menu design

Sample menu for a day with chronic pancreatitis. In case of pancreatic disease, inedible products are turned off and a diet as mild as possible for the body is chosen.

  • Breakfast:omelet with wheat, porridge cooked in milk (buckwheat, rice or other), half with water and weak tea. Choice: lean semolina porridge, dried fruit compote with biscuit biscuit;
  • Second breakfast (lunch):low-fat cottage cheese, about 100 grams, jelly or compote. Choice: baked apple or cottage cheese casserole;
  • Lunch:vegetarian soup, boiled chicken breast and dried fruit compote. Choice: fried soup, steamed meatballs, hip juice;
  • Snack:crackers with baked apple or rosehip broth. Choice: a glass of low-fat kefir;
  • Meals:vegetable puree (potatoes, pumpkin, carrots), steamed cutlets, herbal tea. Choice: porridge in milk, boiled chicken breast, jelly;
  • Evening snack:a glass of low-fat kefir or fermented baked milk or fruit jelly. Choice: hip decoction.

When asked if ice cream can be used for pancreatitis - the answer can be - they limit the use of fatty and very sweet ice cream. You can only add ice cream to your diet, at most ½ packets and without any additives (chocolate, nuts, condensed milk).

Patient memory

How to eat properly with pancreatitis

Every patient should know the rules of eating and what not to eat with pancreatitis.

Review the recommendations:

  • Meals should be fractional, ie in small portions up to 5-6 times a day;
  • They follow a diet for at least half a year, although as a result the patient must follow such a diet for the rest of his life;
  • Must be high in calories according to food needs;
  • Do not eat foods from the list above that you should not eat during pancreatitis;
  • Eating too much is not allowed;
  • Is it possible with pancreatitis ice cream - limited use of low-fat ice cream.

In addition, timely treatment of any disease of the gastrointestinal tract is necessary to prevent complications and reduce the number of exacerbations of the disease.

21.09.2020