Gastritis is a disease of the century that can be diagnosed in 2/3 of the world's population. The disease is often asymptomatic, but tends to progress. Chronic gastritis can eventually turn into peptic ulcer and even stomach cancer. Clinical nutrition is not the only important part of the prevention and treatment of gastrointestinal diseases. What diet is recommended for gastritis: what can and should gastroenterologists use?
For gastritis, proper nutrition means a complete overhaul of the diet, the elimination of foods that irritate the gastric mucosa. Steamed and boiled foods are preferred. It is forbidden to eat fried and fatty foods for any type of gastritis.
Meals for gastritis are organized according to the rules:
This mode has a beneficial effect on the regeneration of the mucous membrane. The menu of gastritis should be varied, contain sufficient amounts of vitamins and minerals. The patient should not starve.
Therapeutic diet for gastritis patients necessarily includes nutrients and surrounding components that restore damaged mucous cells. Food should contain a lot of B vitamins. These elements are generally insufficient in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Use healthy foods for all forms of chronic gastritis:
Proper drinking helps to reduce inflammation and anxiety. The liquid improves the motility of the gastrointestinal tract, dilutes excess gastric acid. The amount of pure still water in the daily diet should be at least 1. 5 liters.
In case of exacerbation of the disease, it is necessary to limit the consumption of pasta, seafood, seeds, nuts. If inflammation of the stomach is associated with diseases of the liver and gallbladder, eggs are used as an ingredient in dishes. Eating them separately in the form of omelets is undesirable in case of a combination of gastrointestinal diseases.
To normalize acid levels, treatment is combined with a special diet that excludes vessels that increase the production of secretory fluid in the stomach.
Nutritional surface significantly accelerates the healing process in focal gastritis. As a rule, small lesions of the mucous membrane can improve after 10-14 days with the help of a treatment menu and medication. In the case of deep lesions, it is recommended to eat properly for the rest of your life.
List of foods you can eat for high acid gastritis:
In people with low acidity, digestion is difficult due to enzyme deficiency. Symptoms of this pathology are poor appetite, weight loss, pale skin and vitamin deficiency.
Rough food causes complications. People with hypoacid gastritis should not consume:
The list of foods for high acid gastritis is the same as the hyper acid form. There are differences in diet. You can use it with low acidity:
Special attention is paid to food chopping. It is recommended to eat in a comfortable atmosphere and chew thoroughly. Intolerance to meat, milk and eggs with low acidity is possible. In this case, the disturbing foods are excluded from the diet to avoid aggravation of gastritis.
When acute gastritis is accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea, the body needs increased fluid intake. Water-soluble moisturizing salt preparation powder helps to restore the water-salt balance. If the active phase of the disease is accompanied by pain and constipation, the following diet is recommended:
|Product Range||Resistance method|
|Bread and bakery products||Wheat bread||Like bread crumbs, 100 grams a day|
|Soups||Cereals: semolina, rice, oatmeal, pearl barley or flour (rice, buckwheat, oatmeal)||slimy broths or milk soups from semolina, as well as oatmeal, rice and wheat puree|
|Fish Dishes||Pike perch or other lean fish||Meatballs, soufflé, mashed potatoes|
|Meat dishes||Lean meats: beef, veal, chicken||Peeled tendons in the form of meatballs, soufflés, mashed potatoes (steamed, boiled meat)|
|Vegetable dishes and side dishes||Homogeneous vegetables||Raw puree, mashed vegetables|
|Eggs||Not more than 2-3.||Soft boiled or omelet|
|Sweet foods, sweets, fruits and berries||Sweet dishes made from non-acidic berries and fruits, syrups, jams, meringues, snowballs||Only in the form of jelly, jelly|
|Milk, dairy products and food made from them||Whole milk, condensed milk, cream. Fresh non-acidic cottage cheese (according to Turner, the acidity is not more than 180)||Natural and whipped cream. Cottage cheese with sugar and milk or cream. Milk or sour cream sauce (fresh sour cream)|
|Drinks||Sweet fruit and berry juices, hips decoction|
|Oils||Unsalted butter, good delicate or sunflower||Do not fry, but add to dishes|
The menu for acute gastritis includes liquids and lubricants that promote healing of the stomach walls:
Most of the diet consists of liquid and ground foods. The recipes of the listed dishes are suitable not only for adults, but also for children.
The first dishes for the gastritis diet include vegetarian soups. Fat broths increase the production of secretory fluid, so they should not be consumed by people with stomach acid and ulcerative gastritis. The best choice for the first meal is slimy rice soup and vegetable puree soup.
To make oatmeal soup, you need 0. 5 rolls of oats, 600 ml of water and salt. Oatmeal is cooked for 10-15 minutes. Such a soup can be prepared by adding a lezon - a mixture of milk and eggs. It is added at the end of the meal. In a separate bowl, beat eggs and 200 ml of milk. The finished soup is filtered through a sieve. Then whisk and bring to a boil again. Lezon is poured into a thin stream 5 minutes after turning off the oven. In this case, the contents are mixed continuously until a homogeneous mass is obtained.
Slimy Rice Soup can be made with milk. Ingredients:
Rice is washed and boiled in water until half cooked. Then add milk, sugar, salt. Season with vegetable oil and crackers before serving.
Food gastritis includes vegetable broths. For example, cauliflower soup. To prepare a dish, take a little onion, carrot, 200 g of cabbage. Cook the vegetables for 15-20 minutes and mash with a mixer. Bring the soup to a boil, add 10% cream and turn off the oven. The finished dish is served with herbs.
Onions and carrots steamed in a little water. After 10 minutes, cut the remaining vegetables into cubes. Cook until cooked through. Cooking time 20-30 minutes. Olive oil is added to the vegetable stew before serving.