Diet for gastritis

Foods allowed for gastritis

Gastritis is a disease of the century that can be diagnosed in 2/3 of the world's population. The disease is often asymptomatic, but tends to progress. Chronic gastritis can eventually turn into peptic ulcer and even stomach cancer. Clinical nutrition is not the only important part of the prevention and treatment of gastrointestinal diseases. What diet is recommended for gastritis: what can and should gastroenterologists use?

Dietary Principles

For gastritis, proper nutrition means a complete overhaul of the diet, the elimination of foods that irritate the gastric mucosa. Steamed and boiled foods are preferred. It is forbidden to eat fried and fatty foods for any type of gastritis.

Meals for gastritis are organized according to the rules:

  • optimal temperature for food is 20-50 °;
  • meals are taken at the same time, 5-6 times a day;
  • Avoid overeating;
  • When choosing a diet for gastritis, consider concomitant diseases;
  • Exclude alcohol, smoking;
  • refrain from smoked, salty, spicy foods;
  • eat dinner 2-3 hours before bedtime;
  • chew food well;
  • Avoid snacking on the run;
  • you can drink 30 minutes after a meal;
  • Boil the food well.

This mode has a beneficial effect on the regeneration of the mucous membrane. The menu of gastritis should be varied, contain sufficient amounts of vitamins and minerals. The patient should not starve.

Foods for gastritis

Therapeutic diet for gastritis patients necessarily includes nutrients and surrounding components that restore damaged mucous cells. Food should contain a lot of B vitamins. These elements are generally insufficient in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Use healthy foods for all forms of chronic gastritis:

  • Oatmeal - a source of fiber, antioxidants;
  • Vegetable oils - contain fatty acids, tocopherols;
  • Milk (if well tolerated);
  • Dairy products - normalize intestinal function due to the high content of bacteria responsible for strong immunity;
  • Mature banana - stimulates the production of protective mucus, rich in B vitamins, magnesium;
  • Berries - better digested than fruits, acid-free varieties appear with increasing secretion;
  • Brass - has absorption properties;
  • Potatoes - helps to improve metabolism, raw vegetable juice is used for medicinal purposes.

Proper drinking helps to reduce inflammation and anxiety. The liquid improves the motility of the gastrointestinal tract, dilutes excess gastric acid. The amount of pure still water in the daily diet should be at least 1. 5 liters.

What not to eat with gastritis

Prohibited Products:

  • lard;
  • meatballs;
  • liver;
  • mushroom;
  • margarine, spread;
  • fast food;
  • rye bread;
  • heavy cream;
  • coffee;
  • chocolate;
  • spices;
  • fresh fruits (excluding bananas, sweet apples, pears);
  • radish;
  • ice cream;
  • confectionery;
  • bun;
  • canned food;
  • carbonated drinks;
  • salted cheeses;
  • lollipops;
  • marinades.

In case of exacerbation of the disease, it is necessary to limit the consumption of pasta, seafood, seeds, nuts. If inflammation of the stomach is associated with diseases of the liver and gallbladder, eggs are used as an ingredient in dishes. Eating them separately in the form of omelets is undesirable in case of a combination of gastrointestinal diseases.

Foods Permitted for Gastritis

To normalize acid levels, treatment is combined with a special diet that excludes vessels that increase the production of secretory fluid in the stomach.

Nutritional surface significantly accelerates the healing process in focal gastritis. As a rule, small lesions of the mucous membrane can improve after 10-14 days with the help of a treatment menu and medication. In the case of deep lesions, it is recommended to eat properly for the rest of your life.

List of foods you can eat for high acid gastritis:

  • Flour products.
  • Grain.
  • Rice, buckwheat and oats are especially good for the stomach.
  • Vegetable puree. It is recommended to make a salad from grated vegetables.
  • Eggs should be cooked well. Eat eggs no more than 3 times a week.
  • Dairy products. They already neutralize stomach acid.
  • Hard and cottage cheese.
  • Meat. The most useful species for gastritis is turkey, rabbit.
  • Fish. Suitable for low-fat varieties - pollock, cod, pink salmon, solitary, hake, pike.
  • Sweet desserts include honey, jam, marmalade, marshmallows. You can use cottage cheese casserole to cook.
  • Still mineral water.

Features of the diet for gastritis

In people with low acidity, digestion is difficult due to enzyme deficiency. Symptoms of this pathology are poor appetite, weight loss, pale skin and vitamin deficiency.

Rough food causes complications. People with hypoacid gastritis should not consume:

  • fruit with skin;
  • seeded berries - raspberries, strawberries, gooseberries;
  • pure milk.

The list of foods for high acid gastritis is the same as the hyper acid form. There are differences in diet. You can use it with low acidity:

  • sour fruits, vegetables and berries (citrus fruits also belong to this group);
  • acid;
  • tomato;
  • fruit juices.

Special attention is paid to food chopping. It is recommended to eat in a comfortable atmosphere and chew thoroughly. Intolerance to meat, milk and eggs with low acidity is possible. In this case, the disturbing foods are excluded from the diet to avoid aggravation of gastritis.

Diet with exacerbation of gastritis

When acute gastritis is accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea, the body needs increased fluid intake. Water-soluble moisturizing salt preparation powder helps to restore the water-salt balance. If the active phase of the disease is accompanied by pain and constipation, the following diet is recommended:

Product Range Resistance method
Bread and bakery products Wheat bread Like bread crumbs, 100 grams a day
Soups Cereals: semolina, rice, oatmeal, pearl barley or flour (rice, buckwheat, oatmeal) slimy broths or milk soups from semolina, as well as oatmeal, rice and wheat puree
Fish Dishes Pike perch or other lean fish Meatballs, soufflé, mashed potatoes
Meat dishes Lean meats: beef, veal, chicken Peeled tendons in the form of meatballs, soufflés, mashed potatoes (steamed, boiled meat)
Vegetable dishes and side dishes Homogeneous vegetables Raw puree, mashed vegetables
Eggs Not more than 2-3. Soft boiled or omelet
Sweet foods, sweets, fruits and berries Sweet dishes made from non-acidic berries and fruits, syrups, jams, meringues, snowballs Only in the form of jelly, jelly
Milk, dairy products and food made from them Whole milk, condensed milk, cream. Fresh non-acidic cottage cheese (according to Turner, the acidity is not more than 180) Natural and whipped cream. Cottage cheese with sugar and milk or cream. Milk or sour cream sauce (fresh sour cream)
Drinks Sweet fruit and berry juices, hips decoction
Oils Unsalted butter, good delicate or sunflower Do not fry, but add to dishes

The menu for acute gastritis includes liquids and lubricants that promote healing of the stomach walls:

  • slimy soups with rice and spread oats;
  • steam cutlets, souffle with minced meat;
  • viscous porridge;
  • jelly;
  • weak tea.

Recipes for gastritis

Most of the diet consists of liquid and ground foods. The recipes of the listed dishes are suitable not only for adults, but also for children.

Soup recipes for gastritis

Oatmeal soup for gastritis

The first dishes for the gastritis diet include vegetarian soups. Fat broths increase the production of secretory fluid, so they should not be consumed by people with stomach acid and ulcerative gastritis. The best choice for the first meal is slimy rice soup and vegetable puree soup.

To make oatmeal soup, you need 0. 5 rolls of oats, 600 ml of water and salt. Oatmeal is cooked for 10-15 minutes. Such a soup can be prepared by adding a lezon - a mixture of milk and eggs. It is added at the end of the meal. In a separate bowl, beat eggs and 200 ml of milk. The finished soup is filtered through a sieve. Then whisk and bring to a boil again. Lezon is poured into a thin stream 5 minutes after turning off the oven. In this case, the contents are mixed continuously until a homogeneous mass is obtained.

Slimy Rice Soup can be made with milk. Ingredients:

  • 55 g of cereals;
  • 400 ml of milk;
  • 150 ml of water;
  • vegetable oil;
  • salt;
  • 2 teaspoons of sugar.

Rice is washed and boiled in water until half cooked. Then add milk, sugar, salt. Season with vegetable oil and crackers before serving.

Food gastritis includes vegetable broths. For example, cauliflower soup. To prepare a dish, take a little onion, carrot, 200 g of cabbage. Cook the vegetables for 15-20 minutes and mash with a mixer. Bring the soup to a boil, add 10% cream and turn off the oven. The finished dish is served with herbs.

Vegetable casserole for gastritis

Contents:

Vegetable casserole for gastritis
  • cauliflower;
  • potatoes;
  • yay;
  • pumpkin;
  • carrots;
  • salt;
  • olive oil.

Onions and carrots steamed in a little water. After 10 minutes, cut the remaining vegetables into cubes. Cook until cooked through. Cooking time 20-30 minutes. Olive oil is added to the vegetable stew before serving.

19.09.2020