how to eat with pancreatitis

The list of functions of the human pancreas includes the production of many digestive enzymes, without which the normal course of vital processes in the gastrointestinal tract and insulin synthesis is impossible. When there is a malfunction of this organ, pancreatitis develops. The disease is an inflammation of the pancreas, usually caused by the cessation of the release of normal enzymes.

Nutritional characteristics in acute and chronic pancreatitis

In the absence of pathology in the body, enzymes enter the intestine, but due to pancreatitis, they remain inside the body and gradually begin to damage the inner lining. Intoxication often occurs in patients with pancreatitis, as a result of which intestinal particles and enzyme residues enter the bloodstream. The acute course of the disease usually ends with surgery when therapy and diet do not give the desired result.

Chronic pancreatitis is usually caused by overeating, alcohol or drug abuse, use of hormonal or estrogenic drugs, as well as gallbladder and liver disease. With two types of this disease, gastroenterologists recommend a special diet for pancreatitis, which requires the preparation of an approximate menu.

Acute pancreatitis: diet menu for the week

To normalize the condition of the patient's body, the nutritionist prescribes a special therapeutic food for him to eliminate swelling and inflammation in the pancreas. In addition to medication, a short-term fast is prescribed to avoid surgery. During fasting, gastric juice is not produced and the activity of enzymes is reduced, which will help the damaged organ to recover in a few days.

In the first days of this fast, it is recommended to drink mineral healing water without gas, diluted green tea or small amounts of hip water several times a day. Drinking will help prevent dehydration, but you should gradually switch to eating after fasting. In the case of acute pancreatitis, a strict diet is followed, the menu of the week should be compiled by a specialist. The standard 5-day diet includes the following foods:

What you can and cannot do with pancreatitis
  • dry bread or wheat flour;
  • liquid jelly or fruit drinks;
  • slimy rice or oatmeal;
  • added lean liquid puree;
  • mashed grains such as oatmeal, rice, semolina or buckwheat;
  • dry biscuits;
  • bread or crackers.

After 6 days, other foods and drinks can be added to the pancreatitis menu. It can be black or green tea, beet juice with a small amount of mineral water, added to milk with a small amount of sugar or honey. The list of allowed foods includes:

  • steamed protein omelet;
  • cottage cheese souffle;
  • ground or minced meat;
  • liquid mucous soups;
  • berry or apple foam and mixture;
  • Steamed vegetable puree and fat-free puddings.

Sample menu for pancreatitis for a week

For acute pancreatitis, the diet should be strict enough, so the patient should follow the menu designed for him for a week. An example of such a diet is presented below, but the exact list of foods should be agreed with your doctor.

Day 1

  • Breakfast. Liquid porridge from rice or semolina, a fruit, for example, orange, pear or apple, weak tea with the addition of honey.
  • Late breakfast. Pumpkin puree, steamed cutlets from fish or chopped chicken, hip juice.
  • Lunch. Fish or beef broth, mashed potatoes, dry white bread, baked apples as a dessert.
  • Afternoon snack. Weak tea with a little cottage cheese and honey.
  • Lunch. Protein steamed omelet, dry white bread, mashed vegetables.

Day 2

  • Breakfast. Milk oatmeal, jelly or tea (green or black).
  • Late breakfast. Apple puree mixed with grated cheese.
  • Lunch. Broccoli or cauliflower puree soup, steamed chicken meatballs.
  • Afternoon snack. Dry biscuits and green tea.
  • Lunch. Rice or cottage cheese pudding, jelly or tea.

3rd day

  • Breakfast. Rice-based liquid porridge, green tea with a dry biscuit.
  • Late breakfast. Baked apples with honey or cottage cheese.
  • Lunch. Vegetable soup based on carrots, dried fruit compote, combined with cabbage, potatoes, green peas or meatballs.
  • Afternoon snack. Pure cheese and weak tea.
  • Lunch. Cooked or steamed low-fat fish.

General definitions

For pancreatitis you need to follow a diet

The sample menu may contain special recipes recommended for pancreatic pancreatitis. To prevent worsening of the condition, each of the ingredients of an individual meal should be coordinated with a doctor or nutritionist, who generally recommend the preparation of special first and second courses, as well as special desserts.

Pumpkin and carrot puree

To make such a diet puree, you need 400 grams of pumpkin and two carrots, peeled and cut into medium cubes. Then boil the vegetables in boiling water until soft enough. After the meal, the water from the bowl can be completely or partially drained to get a thinner mass. Using a blender, turn the vegetables into a homogeneous mass and serve.

Fish soup

To make liquid puree soup, you need to take half a kilo of each pound of fish, for example, cod, hake, rye or cotton, one and a half liters of water, a teaspoon of butter and 50 ml of milk. Fish fillets are cut into small pieces and boiled in water or vegetable broth until soft. Boil in melted butter in a separate heated milk, pour the fish water and add the fillets, then cook everything for a few minutes.

It should be noted that in the acute form of pancreatitis, it is strictly forbidden to eat fatty and fried foods, foods that stimulate fermentation in the digestive system, alcohol, kvass, kefir and carbonated beverages.

Pancreatic Inflammation Menu

When it comes to pancreatitis diet and an exemplary menu, many gastroenterologists recommend following diet 5, which is usually prescribed after the patient's condition has improved in the acute form of the disease. Foods that are allowed as part of the diet can be safely included in the diet after fasting. Typically, such a diet is divided into two stages, each of which differs in time.

In the first stage, you can eat puree for only two weeks, after which the patient switches to the second, less strict menu option, which lasts at least six to eight months. In the first stage, you can eat liquid unsalted dishes, which are dominated by carbohydrates, fruit drinks, juices, honey or sugar with the addition of hips decoction. Oily, fried or salty foods are strictly forbidden.

After the fifth day of the diet, calories should be gradually increased, while fat intake should be limited. From the sixth to the ninth day of such a diet, the total amount of calories in the food eaten per day should not exceed 1000 calories. After that, the number of calories can be increased and the patient is transferred to the second diet option for pancreatitis for a week.

Nutrition for chronic forms of the disease

Sample menu for pancreatitis

Pancreatitis often becomes a chronic form, in which case special diets for pancreatitis are more relevant than ever, so it is possible to completely normalize the condition of the gastrointestinal tract. When the list of special foods includes prohibited foods, including boiled eggs, sweets, chocolate, milk, soda, and other similar foods, characteristic convulsions occur from time to time due to improper nutrition. Symptoms of the disease are swelling, noticeable severity after the next meal, frequent vomiting. Chronic pancreatitis often triggers the onset of diabetes, especially if the patient does not go to the doctor on time and does not take special medications.

A dietitian or gastroenterologist must prepare a special menu for pancreatitis within a week, which includes light and easily digestible foods. It will be especially useful to drink still mineral water for two days, as well as a source of wild flowers or weak weak tea. It is necessary to switch to a low-calorie diet as soon as possible, to prepare meals with a minimum of fat and carbohydrates. Meals should be fractional, eat at least 5-6 times a day. The list of products that make up the menu of chronic pancreatitis should include the following:

  • wheat beans (bought or prepared by yourself);
  • liquid vegetable or grain soups;
  • cooked or boiled meat, including chicken, veal or rabbit;
  • steamed lean fish;
  • low-fat cottage cheese;
  • unsalted and low-fat cheeses;
  • semi-liquid and liquid cereals;
  • vegetable puree and casserole;
  • ripe and grated fruits;
  • light liver, foam and compotes.

Sample menu and list of forbidden foods

In adults and children, the menu of chronic pancreatitis, despite very strict restrictions, must be changed, but it is necessary to carefully monitor compliance with the daily routine and eat on time. Generally, a weekly menu is prepared by a specialist who gives the patient detailed instructions and recommendations, helps to choose the appropriate recipes for meals, and talks about the features of some products. For pancreatitis, which you can pay attention to when planning your diet, it is worth paying attention to the approximate menu:

  • Breakfast. Oatmeal with milk, rosehip decoction.
  • Second breakfast. Steamed chicken or beef, weak tea.
  • Lunch. Puree soup based on carrots and pumpkin, steamed fish and tea.
  • Afternoon snack. Curd for baby food.
  • Lunch. Pumpkin casserole with carrots, boiled chicken breast, dried fruit compote.
  • Dinner. A glass of low-fat kefir.

Diet and approximate menu for inflammation of the pancreas implies severe restrictions, because many foods overstimulate the secretion of the pancreas and the production of gastric juice. The list of banned products includes:

  • fatty meat and fish, smoked meat, sausages and canned food;
  • meat and fish broths, as well as mushroom soups;
  • cabbage soup, borscht, okroshka;
  • fatty dairy products;
  • fried and boiled eggs;
  • all kinds of legumes, white cabbage, radishes, onions, garlic, spinach, sorrel, eggplant, bell peppers and mushrooms;
  • butter and bakery products, sweets, chocolate;
  • coffee, strong black tea, cocoa, carbonated drinks.

Definitions for chronic pancreatitis

Dietary guidelines for pancreatitis

Nutrition and proper menu for pancreatic pancreatitis should be chosen by a specialist, patients should master several new recipes that are ideal for normalizing the digestive system.

Vegetable puree soup

To prepare, you need a sugar-free yellow or green pepper, 200 g of broccoli and cauliflower, 1 pumpkin. Cut vegetables into cubes, add 1. 5 liters of water and cook until soft. Then you need to drain the water and make mashed potatoes with a mixer.

Apple Pastila

To make a healthy diet marshmallow, put 1 kg of apples, chopped and peeled, in a saucepan, add water and cook. Once it has boiled enough, you need to remove the pan from the heat, drain the water and let the apples cool. Then it is crushed with a mixer, the resulting puree should be squeezed and the excess water should be poured into a separate bowl. Then boil the juice in a saucepan until it thickens separately, add 100 g of liquid honey and cook until syrup is obtained. The juice is then mixed with mashed potatoes, the mass is spread on a baking sheet and placed in an oven preheated to 120 degrees to dry the marshmallows.

doctor's recommendations

In most cases, a diet for pancreatitis and adherence to a strict menu for a week gives excellent results, because such a diet has a very subtle effect on the internal organs. According to doctors, as a result of such diets, the work of the pancreas stabilizes due to a decrease in the concentration of pancreatic water. Experts recommend a complete elimination of alcohol during treatment and a balanced and proper diet at all times. In addition to improving the digestive system, inflammation of the pancreas and a light diet can significantly reduce weight and improve the general condition of the body.